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KAZAKHSTAN: ALL ORPHANAGES TO CLOSE DOWN (Visit our: Social Policy)

[24 April 2014] - Kazakhstan plans to introduce major changes to its orphans and disadvantaged children programs, Tengrinews reports.

According to Dariga Nazarbayeva, Vice-Speaker of the Majilis (lower chamber of the Kazakh Parliament) all orphanages will be eventually closed down in Kazakhstan. The children will be living in families, instead of special institutions, to help them to better adapt to their life in the society.

“The aim of this draft law (amendments and additions to the child rights legislation) to once and for all get rid of orphanages, baby houses, and youth houses, so that all the children who get in trouble and are for some reason left without parental care for some period of time would be taken into families,” Nazarbayeva said during the round table discussions at the “Modern aspects of children’s rights legislation enhancement” meeting in the Majilis on April 21. 

The lawmaker added that the draft bill suggests a number of measures to attract potential adopters, foster families and guardians.

“Tax and financial incentives will be offered by the government so that these children are taken into families that can create good conditions for them. So that when they grow up, they become full-fledged members of the society. This is our goal,” Nazarbayeva explained.

She added that social orphanhood was a big problem in Kazakhstan. Eighty per cent of the children in the system are social orphans who have living parents. “These are children from disadvantaged families. This problem has been growing and requires a close attention,” Nazarbayeva said.

Assiya Akhtanova, Chairman of the Association of Parents of Handicapped Children, suggested separating youth liaison inspectors from of the Ministry of Interior Affairs.

“In fact, there is no preventative or other work done with difficult families. The inspector just comes to a mother and says that they would deprive her of parental rights and put her child into an orphanage. This is all they do. This system has to change completely,” Akhtanova said.

The discussion of amendments to the child rights legislation involved lawmakers of the lower chamber of the Parliament and representative of a range of Kazakhstan government bodies. The moderator of the round table discussions MP Zagipa Balieva agreed with Akhtanova and promised that the changes would become part of another draft bill.

“The Committee of Children’s Rights Protection has to really protect the rights of children. It has to be separated from the Interior Ministry and should be made a separate agency,” Akhatova added.

She also regretted that the considered draft bill did not include changes into terms of adopting handicapped children, and said that "social benefits had to be larger in case of special children" to make the adoptions work.

Further Information: 

Country: 

Kazakhstan

Issues: 

Children with disabilities

Foster care

Right as far as possible to know parents

External URL: 

http://en.tengrinews.kz/laws_initiatives/All-orphanages-to-close-down-in-Kaza...

Please note that these reports are hosted by CRIN as a resource for Child Rights campaigners, researchers and other interested parties. Unless otherwise stated, they are not the work of CRIN and their inclusion in our database does not necessarily signify endorsement or agreement with their content by CRIN.

 

 Source: trend.az                                      KAZAKHSTAN , HIGH TECH OIL REFINERY NEED

Kazakhstan needs to more effectively use its available oil reserves to create and expand high-tech oil refinery industries so as not to depend on oil prices, Murat Abulgazin, the senior analyst at the Kazakh Investment Profitability Research Agency said.

“Deep oil refining and petrochemicals are always economically profitable and are a kind of protection from changes in the raw materials market,” he told Trend in an interview March 16.

The expert added that even with intentions to diversify the economy, the oil and gas industry has been and will remain the most important industry for Kazakhstan, just like the importance of hydrocarbons for humanity.

“Market prices will always fall and rise with various amplitudes, fully reflecting the human or social character – the constant change of moods and emotions,” Abulgazin said.

However, he added, the vital need in this energy resource, as a basic condition for the existence of humanity, will always remain.

Therefore, as Abulgazin said, today, it is important for Kazakhstan to carry out geological exploration to find sources that can be developed and give raw materials in the future

He recalled that earlier, Uzakbai Karabalin, Kazakhstan’s first vice-minister for energy, said the production at the major existing fields – Tengiz and Karachaganak – is expected to fall in 15-20 years, so there is a need to find alternatives to them.

"And this is the need of geological exploration, including the Caspian Basin as part of the so-called Eurasia project," Abulgazin said.

At the same time, he said private investors will unlikely direct huge resources towards geological exploration in Kazakhstan. He added that foreign oil companies that appeared in the post-Soviet area in the 1990s got the resources explored in Soviet times for development, i.e., and made a profit on "ready for use".

Abulgazin said that that the long-term investments in any field have a number of economic and political risks. For example, in Poland and Romania, big US companies spent billions on examining shale deposits. But as a result, they were forced to admit a lack of geological prospects. Shell and Chevron backed off conducting search and development operations in southeastern Ukraine because of current events.

“Therefore, big transnational companies and the countries themselves can agree on long-term investment,” the analyst said. “It is quite logical that the Kazakh government intends to spend large amounts on geological exploration in the coming years.”

Minister of Investment and Development Asset Issekeshev said earlier that Kazakhstan intends to direct more than 3.2 billion tenge (about $17.6 million) from the budget and the National Fund towards geological exploration in 2015. Issekeshev made this statement during a forum entitled "Kazakhstan’s geological exploration: oil and gas in focus".

Source: trend.az

 

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